Professional High Power Cooling Solution Service Provider And Heat Sink Manufacturer

Heat sink design

Heat Sink Design

The use of heat sink to increase the area of heat dissipation is the most common and basic method in thermal management technology. With the increasing trend of heating density of electronic devices, the demand for heat dissipation is increasing day by day, the difficulty of heat sink design is increasing, and the cost is increasing. Although heat sink new processes and design techniques continue to improve, the use of heat sinks in limited space seems to be reaching its limits. In the future, various cooling technologies such as water cooling, refrigeration cycle and immersion boiling cooling may be used to solve the heat dissipation problem. In spite of this, the heat sink is still the most economical and reliable way to dissipate heat. Therefore, in order to meet the demand of future electronic heat dissipation, the shape, materials and manufacturing process of the heat sink must be updated with new technology. In addition, the integration of other heat sink design methods can also increase the efficiency of application.

The heat sink design matters needing attention

1. The larger the surface area of heat sink, the better the cooling effect.


2. If the heat sink is placed to facilitate air circulation, the cooling effect can be improved.


3. Copper & aluminum has high thermal conductivity  and is the first choice for heat sink materials.


4. Increasing the thickness of the heat sink is more effective than increasing its length.


5. Surface anodizing treatment, anti-oxidation corrosion, improve the radiation capacity, stable cooling effect.


6. The economic practicality of processing.

Performance comparison under the same cooling conditions

  1. 1. Anodizied heat sinks have long service life, The no anodizied heat sinks have a short service life.

2. Slotted heat sink has good heat dissipation, no slotted heat sink has poor heat dissipation.


3. Good cooling effect with high density heat sink fin, low density  (better with fan), Low density heat sink fin has poor cooling effect (good fan).


4. High height of heat sink fin has good cooling effect (adding fan is better); Poor cooling effect with low height of heat sink fin (good with fan).


5. The heat sink base thickness is thick, heat absorptiont is big, heat dissipating capacity is not necessarily, can be a bit better relatively. The heat sink base thickness is thin, heat absorption is small, heat dissipating capacity is not necessarily, relatively less.


Heat sink design principle

When the customers design heat sink , must consider the following factors.

  1. 1. Module operating current size, To determine the required cooling area.

2. Application environment, from which the cooling method can be determined -- natural cooling, forced air cooling, or liquid cooling.


3. The shape of the device, the volume, the size of the space reserved for the heat sink , according to which can determine the shape of the heat sink used。 Generally speaking, most customers will choose aluminum heat sink.

Different types of heat sinks design guidelines

       Natural convection heat sink design                                                                                               Forced convection heat sink design


       Water cooled heat sink design                                                                                                          Heat pipe heat sink design


        Skived heat sink design                                                                                                                                                         Stamped heatsink design


       Extrusion heat sink design                                                                                                                Die cast heat sink design


       Vapor chamber heat sink design                                                                                                       Pin fin heat sink design

        Led heat sink design                                                                                                                         Cpu heat sink design


        Bga heat sink design                                                                                                                         Inverter heat sink design


         Plate fin heat sink design                                                                                                                        Pcb heat sink design

At present, the heat sink design is approaching the limit, the air cooling method and natural cooling method will can not meet the demand, Lori heat sink will be combined with other heat dissipating devices and methods such as heat pipe, flat plate heat pipe, loop type heat pipe, vapor chamber, water cooling, etc. making the heat sink design more flexible and diversified. In any case, the heat sink is still the most efficient way to dissipate heat. Making good use of heat sink design and heating device can improve the heating condition. High performance heat sink design can be combined with CFD analysis software for complete analysis to understand the flow and heat transfer status. You don't have to use complex shapes of heat sink, simple aluminum crosscutting fin heat sink may have a good performance. In order to solve the thermal management problem of electronic products, engineers who design, manufacture or apply heat sink should know the design and characteristics of heat sink. 



Lori is a professional heat sink design and manufacturing factory, we can provide heat sink design and manufacturing services. If you would like a free consultation contact us today!

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